An Overview Of Gout
What Is Gout?
Pseudogout is a condition having similar symptoms but is different from gout because it is caused from calcium phosphate rather than uric acid.
Causes Of Gout
Gout is more common in people having a family history of gout, those who drink alcohol, and taking certain medications which can raise the level of uric acid in blood. The probability of developing gout is more in men and in women after menopause.
People suffering from conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, obesity, sickle cell anaemia, leukaemia and other blood cancers are more prone to develop gout. This is because the medication used for treating such conditions can interfere with removal of uric acid from the body.
Symptoms Of Gout
Initially such symptoms may affect one or two joints, lasting for 1-2 weeks, but as the disease progresses, multiple joints can be affected for a longer duration.
For patients with gout, the development of kidney stones and formation of uric acid crystals outside joints occurs more frequently. Such crystals, known as tophi, are painless but useful in diagnosis and may be found in earlobes, elbows and Achilles tendon.
Diagnosis Of Gout
X-rays of the painful joint is recommended for accessing the underlying joint damage due to gout. It is to be noted that high levels of uric acid do not always indicate gout.
Treatment of Gout
In cases where severe damage of the joint has taken place due to lack of efficient treatment, surgery may be recommended.