An Overview Of Bunions
What is a Bunion?
A bunion is a bony protuberance that appears on the outer surface of the big toe when it angles toward the adjacent toe. It is an extra bone and a fluid-filled sac that grows at the base of the big toe.
What are the Common Causes of Bunions?
What are the Symptoms of Bunions?
- Pain and tenderness around the big toe
- Turning of the big toe towards the adjacent toe
- Change in the shape of the foot
- A bony mass at the joint surface of the big toe
- Pain and discomfort while walking
- Restricted movements of the big toe
How are Bunions Diagnosed?
- Medical history to rule out any diabetic conditions, hypertension, circulatory disorders
- Physical examination to evaluate the nature of bunion
- Foot or ankle X-rays to determine the bone and soft tissue damage
What are the Conservative Treatments for Bunions?
The non-surgical treatment options include:
- Medications to help alleviate pain and associated symptoms
- Antibiotics to avoid infection
- Ice packs to reduce inflammation
- Getting adequate rest
- Wearing broad-toed shoes that fit properly to reduce the compression of the toes
- Using bunion pads, cushions and splints to protect and alleviate painful foot bunions
- Selecting properly fitted shoes that match the shape of your feet
How are Bunions Prevented?
Avoid wearing poorly fitted shoes to prevent irritation and compression of the toes which may lead to the growth of a bunion.